Chandrayaan 2

India's Mission Moon

All about
Chandrayaan 2

India space and research organization has taken up a lot number of projects and gained success

And India Space Research Organisation (ISRO) never fail to put full efforts to make any mission a success. 

Chandrayaan 2 is a lunar mission of ISRO. which aims at landing on south pole of moon where no country has ever landed. We are going to elaborate the details related to Chandrayaan 2.

Chandrayaan 2 mission launched by India on 22 July 2019 and was expected to have a soft landing at moon on 7th September 2019. Chandrayaan 2  covered the distance of 3,84,400 km in 48 days. consisting of a Launcher, Orbiter, Vikram Lander, Pragyan Rover

Discoveries to be made

Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission that will boldly go where no country has ever gone before — the Moon’s  south polar region. Through this effort, the aim is to improve our understanding of the Moon — discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole. These insights and experiences aim at a paradigm shift in how lunar expeditions are approached for years to come — propelling further voyages into the farthest frontiers.

Earth to moon

Why on moon again?

Moon is at the distance of 384.400 km from earth which means moon is the closest cosmic body on which any research or space discovery can be attempted and documented. It works as a test bed for demonstrating technology for researching or making new discoveries. Chandrayaan 2 was launched to make new discoveries which includes understanding of space, understanding various other aspect and chances were also to find life on moon

Scientific objectives

Why to focus on lunar south pole

As discussed above moon is the closest body from earth and is the test bed for several of scientific discoveries. Chandrayaan 2 majorly focus upon a soft landing on the solar pole of moon in order to put some light upon the answers to some questions which were Is water present on moon? Can we aspect life on moon? and many such questions.

Chandrayaan 2 focus on south poll specially because from all the countries who landed on moon none of them ever landed on the south part of moon and no discovery took place at that part of moon, so by landing at south pole India’s  Chandrayaan would have created a history. 

Chandrayaan 2 contained   four parts each designed for the best performance and all of these were made in India itself.

Major objective is to make vikram lander make a soft land at the desired  place and do discovery about the surface, water, and intake of life on moon.

landing point

Images above depicts How Chandrayaan 2 will reach the moon and wat would be the landing point at moon surface

1. Chandrayaan 2 will take off from Sriharikota India.

2. Rockets detached in two stages. 

3. Chandrayaan 2 module orbits the earth in phase until it enters the  moon’s orbit.

4. Module enters the lunar orbit.

5. Lander separates from orbiter.

6. Lands near south pole of moon.

The above process works the plan of ISRO for chandrayaan 2 and to some point the assumptions were achieved as expected. each separation took place as planned and India was all ready to make history with chandrayaan 2 which would have a great impact on the fore coming discoveries.

What Chandrayaan 2 consist of?



Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III (GSLV Mk-III)

The GSLV Mk-III will carry Chandrayaan 2 to its designated orbit. This three-stage vehicle is India’s most powerful launcher to date, and is capable of launching 4-ton class of satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).

Its components are:

S200 solid rocket boosters

L110 liquid stage

C25 upper stage



Weight 2,379 kg

Electric Power Generation Capability 1,000 W

At the time of launch, the Chandrayaan 2 Orbiter will be capable of communicating with Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) at Byalalu as well as the Vikram Lander. The mission life of the Orbiter is one year and it will be placed in a 100X100 km lunar polar orbit.

vikram lander

Vikram Lander

Weight 1,471 kg

Electric Power Generation Capability 650 W

The Lander of Chandrayaan 2 is named Vikram after Dr Vikram A Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Programme. It is designed to function for one lunar day, which is equivalent to about 14 Earth days. Vikram has the capability to communicate with IDSN at Byalalu near Bangalore, as well as with the Orbiter and Rover. The Lander is designed to execute a soft landing on the lunar surface.

pragya rover

Pragyan Rover

Weight 27 kg

Electric Power Generation Capability 50 W

Chandrayaan 2’s Rover is a 6-wheeled robotic vehicle named Pragyan, which translates to ‘wisdom’ in Sanskrit. It can travel up to 500 m (½-a-km) and leverages solar energy for its functioning. It can only communicate with the Lander.

detailed chandrayaan 2

Above picture shows detailed information about the launcher which was launched with an orbiter, vikram lander and pragyan rover

Background of Chandrayaan 2

What can we expect from it?

How does it different from Chandrayaan 1?

difference between

Chandrayaan 2 focuses on clear vision for which the mission was designed as we can see in the image the clear comparison is given between the two.

It was the data before the launching of chandrayaan 2 so it works as assumption.

We lost connection not hope

So finally the day when Chandrayaan 2 reached lunar orbit and vikram lander get separated from the orbiter and moved forward in hope of soft landing at the south pole of moon

The expected speed for landing on moon was 7 km per second which could exceed up till 18 km per second and the vikram lander moving and completing its journey.

On 7th September 2019 at about 1:35 am all most all the people in India were waiting for the history to be made but unfortunately ISRO lost the connection with the vikram lander. Scientist at ISRO tried to get connected by means with lander in order to get information.

But we lost the connection not hope we will soon gonna give another try and will gonna achieve success soon. And will able to make history one day. 

On a positive that one day we will go and land on south pole of the moon gonna end this post, waiting for your views on this in the comment section below and for more such blog do visit my blogs.


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